The people living around Bwindi Forest Farm are mainly Bakiga tribe, accounting for 90% of the population. The Bafumbira tribe follows with 9.5% and the remaining 0.5% are constituted of different minority groups, of which the best known are the Batwa (pygmies). Except for the Batwa, people have lived in the area as agriculturists for generations.
The Batwa people was living in Bwindi Forest as hunters and gathers until the mid 60ties where the forest became a National Park. Most households grow food crops to consume.
The food crops grown are sweet potatoes, groundnuts, cassava, millet, eggplants, onions, pumpkins, cabbage, sorghum and beans. Most households also grow cash crops like banana, tea, or coffee at a small scale and are rearing either chicken or livestock.